After the Cabinet Committee negotiations failed in 1947, a high-powered committee of England’s defence ministry concluded that it was no longer tenable to hold India through the use of force. Therefore, another scheme was briefly considered: to completely exit from “peninsular” India and concentrate its entire military might in regions such as Purvanchal.
Rank materialism was the only yardstick that the British colonialists had used to assess India’s civilization. For example, in James Mill’s view, the greater a country’s military power, the greater is its civilisation’s “height.” Therefore, according to him, India’s civilization was at rock bottom. From 1860 onwards, James Mill’s voluminous tome, The History of British India became compulsory reading for every British official who wanted to come to India. Thus, the influence that James Mill had on shaping the attitudes and mental outlook of British Indian officials was enormous. The view of Karl Marx, who flourished several decades after Mill, was not too different. It is true that Marx severely opposed the British colonial empire. However, he neither had any knowledge of nor appreciation for India.